Headache developing within 1 hour of, and caused by, administration of cocaine by any route. It resolves spontaneously within 72 hours.
- Any headache fulfilling criterion C
- Cocaine has been administered by any route
- Evidence of causation demonstrated by all of the following:
- headache has developed within 1 hour of cocaine administration
- headache has resolved within 72 hours after cocaine administration
- headache has at least one of the following four characteristics:
- a) bilateral
- b) mild to moderate intensity
- c) pulsating quality
- d) aggravated by physical activity
- Not better accounted for by another ICHD-3 diagnosis.
The principal routes of cocaine administration are oral (“chewing”), intranasal (“snorting”), intravenous (“mainlining”) and inhalation (smoking).