Headache of less than 3 months’ duration caused by whiplash.
- Any headache fulfilling criteria C and D
- Whiplash1, associated at the time with neck pain and/or headache, has occurred
- Headache has developed within 7 days after the whiplash
- Either of the following:
- headache has resolved within 3 months after its onset
- headache has not yet resolved but 3 months have not yet passed since its onset
- Not better accounted for by another ICHD-3 diagnosis.
Whiplash is defined as sudden and inadequately restrained acceleration/deceleration movements of the head with flexion/extension of the neck. Whiplash may occur after either high or low impact forces.
Whiplash most commonly occurs in the context of a motor vehicle accident.
5.3 Acute headache attributed to whiplash may occur as an isolated symptom or with a constellation of other symptoms that relate to the neck, as well as somatic extracervical, neurosensory, behavioural, cognitive and/or mood symptoms. Whiplash itself may be classified according to the severity of the clinical presentation, using a scheme such as that presented by the Quebec Task Force on Whiplash-Associated Disorders.