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Headache of more than 3 months’ duration caused by surgical craniotomy.
- Any headache fulfilling criteria C and D
- Surgical craniotomy1 has been performed
- Headache is reported to have developed within 7 days after one of the following:
- the craniotomy
- regaining of consciousness following the craniotomy
- discontinuation of medication(s) impairing ability to sense or report headache following the craniotomy
- Headache persists for >3 months after its onset
- Not better accounted for by another ICHD-3 diagnosis1;2.
- When the craniotomy was performed following and because of head injury, code as 5.2.1 Persistent headache attributed to moderate or severe traumatic injury to the head.
- When headache following craniotomy becomes persistent, the possibility of 8.2 Medication-overuse headache needs to be considered.
About a quarter of patients who develop 5.5 Acute headache attributed to craniotomy go on to experience 5.6 Persistent headache attributed to craniotomy.