11.1 Headache attributed to disorder of cranial bone

Bhatoe HS, Deshpande GU. Primary cranial Ewing’s sarcoma. Br J Neurosurg 1998; 12: 165-169.

Hayashi T, Kuroshima Y, Yoshida K, Kawase T, Ikeda E, Mukai M. Primary osteosarcoma of the sphenoid bone with extensive periosteal extension – case report. Neurol Med Chir (Tokyo) 2000; 40: 419-422.

Scherer A, Engelbrecht V, Nawatny J, Messing-Junger M, Reifenberger G, Modder U. MRI of the cerebellopontine angle in patients with cleidocranial dysostosis. Rofo Fortschr Geb Rontgenstr Neuen Bildgeb Verfahr 2001; 173: 315-318.

11.2.1 Cervicogenic headache

Antonaci F, Fredriksen TA, Sjaastad O. Cervicogenic headache: clinical presentation, diagnostic criteria, and differential diagnosis. Curr Pain Headache Rep 2001; 5: 387-392.

Antonaci F, Ghirmai S, Bono G, Sandrini G, Nappi G. Cervicogenic headache: evaluation of the original diagnostic criteria. Cephalalgia 2001; 21: 573-583.

Bogduk N, Corrigan B, Kelly P, Schneider G, Farr R. Cervical Headache. Med J Aust 1985; 143: 202-207.

Bogduk N. Cervicogenic headache: anatomic basis and pathophysiologic mechanisms. Curr Pain Headache Rep 2001; 5: 382-386.

Bogduk N: Headache and the neck. In: Goadsby PJ, Silberstein SD (eds): Headache. Boston: Butterworth-Heinemann 1997: 369-381.

Fredriksen TA, Sjaastad O. Cervicogenic headache: current concepts of pathogenesis related to anatomical structure. Clin Exp Rheumatol 2000; 18 (2 Suppl 19): S16-18.

Göbel H, Edmeads JG. Disorders of the skull and cervical spine. In: Olesen J, Tfelt-Hansen P, Welch KMA (eds). The Headaches. 2nd edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2000: 891-898.

Knackstedt, H, Bansevicius, Dalius, Kjersti Aaseth, et al. Cervicogenic headache in the general population: The Akershus study of chronic headache. Cephalalgia 2010; 30: 1468-1476.

Lance JW, Anthony M. Neck-tongue syndrome on sudden turning of the head. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 1980; 43: 97-101.

Leone M, D’Amico D, Grazzi L, Attanasia A, Bussone G: Cervicogenic headache: a critical review of the current diagnostic criteria. Pain 1998; 78: 1-5.

Leone M, D’Amico D, Moschiano F, Farinotti M, Fillipini G, Bussone G: Possible identification of cervicogenic headache among patients with migraine: an analysis of 374 headaches. Headache 1995; 35: 461-464.

Lord S, Barnsley L, Wallis B, Bogduk N: Third occipital headache: a prevalence study. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 1994; 57: 1187-1190.

Lord SM, Bogduk N: The cervical synovial joints as sources of post-traumatic headache. J Musculoskel Pain 1996; 4: 81-94.

Poughias L, Kruszewski P, Inan L. Cervicogenic headache: a clinical review with special emphasis on therapy. Funct Neurol 1997; 12: 305-317.

Sjaastad O, Fredriksen TA, Stolt-Nielsen A, Salvesen R, Jansen J, Pareja JA, Sjaastad O, Fredriksen TA. Cervicogenic headache: the importance of sticking to the criteria. Funct Neurol 2002; 17: 35-36.

Sjaastad O, Bakketeig LS. Prevalence of cervicogenic headache: Vågå study of headache epidemiology. Acta Neurol Scand 2008; 117: 173-180.

11.2.2 Headache attributed to retropharyngeal tendonitis

Eastwood JD, Hudgins PA, Malone D. Retropharyngeal effusion in acute calcific prevertebral tendonitis: diagnosis with CT and MR imaging. Am J Neuroradiol 1998; 19: 1789-1792.

Ekbom K, Torhall J, Annell K, Traff J. Magnetic resonance imaging in retropharyngeal tendonitis. Cephalalgia 1994; 14: 266-269.

Pearce JM. Longus cervicis colli “myositis” (syn: retropharyngeal tendonitis). J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 1996; 61: 324-329.

Sarkozi J, Fam AG. Acute calcific retropharyngeal tendonitis: an unusual cause of neck pain. Arthritis Rheum 1984; 27: 708-710.

11.2.3 Headache attributed to craniocervical dystonia

Csala B, Deuschl G. Craniocervical dystonia. Pragmatic general concept or nosologic entity? Nervenarzt 1994; 65: 75-94.

Friedman J, Standaert DG. Dystonia and its disorders. Neurol Clin 2001; 19: 681-705.

Göbel H, Deuschl G. Dauerkontraktionen kranialer oder zervikaler Muskeln. Münchener Medizinische Wochenschrift 1997; 139: 456-458.

Göbel H, Heinze A, Heinze-Kuhn K, Austermann K. Botulinum toxin A in the treatment of headache syndromes and pericranial pain syndromes. Pain 2001; 91: 195-199.

11.3 Headache attributed to disorder of the eyes

Akinci A, Güven A, Degerliyurt A, Kibar E, Mutlu M, Citirik M. The correlation between headache and refractive errors. J AAPOS 2008; 12: 290-293.

Daroff RB. Ocular causes of headache. Headache 1998; 38: 661-667.

Daum KM, Good G, Tijerina L. Symptoms in video display terminal operators and the presence of small refractive errors. J Am Optom Assoc 1988; 59: 691-697.

Gerling J, Janknecht P, Kommerell G. Orbital pain in optic neuritis and anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Neuro-Ophthalmology 1998; 19: 93-99.

Göbel H, Martin TJ. Ocular disorders. In: Olesen J, Tfelt-Hansen P, Welch KMA. The Headaches. 2nd edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2000: 899-904.

Gordon GE, Chronicle EP, Rolan P. Why do we still not know whether refractive error causes headaches? Towards a framework for evidence based practice. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt 2001;21: 45-50.

Lewis J, Fourman S. Subacute angle-closure glaucoma as a cause of headache in the presence of a white eye. Headache 1998; 38: 684-686.

McCluskey PJ, Lightman S, Watson PG et al. Posterior scleritis. Clinical features, systemic associations, and outcome in a large series of patients. Ophthalmology 1999; 106: 2380-2386.

Nesher R, Mimouni MD, Khoury S et al. Delayed diagnosis of subacute angle closure glaucoma in patients presenting with headaches. Acta Neurologica Belgica 2014; 114: 269-272.

Shindler KS, Sankar PS, Volpe NJ, Piltz-Seymour JR. Intermittent headaches as the presenting sign of subacute angle-closure glaucoma. Neurology 2005; 65: 757-758.

Smith JH, Garrity JA, Boes CJ. Clinical features and long-term prognosis of trochlear headaches. Eur J Neurol 2014; 21: 577-585.

Tychsen L, Tse DT, Ossoinig K, Anderson RL. Trochleitis with superior oblique myositis. Ophthalmology 1984; 91: 1075-1079.

Yangüela J, Pareja JA, Lopez N, Sanchez del Rio M. Trochleitis and migraine headache. Neurology 2002; 58: 802-805.

Yangüela J, Sánchez del Rio M, Bueno A, et al. Primary trochlear headache. A new cephalgia generated and modulated on the trochlear region. Neurology 2004; 62: 1134-1140.

Zaragoza-Casares P, Gómez-Fernández T, Gómez de Liaño MA, Zaragoza-Garcia P. Bilateral idiopathic trochleitis as a cause of frontal cephalgia. Headache 2009; 49: 476-477.

11.5 Headache attributed to disorder of the nose or paranasal sinuses

Aaseth K, Grande RB, Kvaerner K, Lundqvist C, Russell MB. Chronic rhinosinusitis gives a ninefold increased risk of chronic headache. The Akershus study of chronic headache. Cephalalgia 2010; 30: 152-160.

Abu-Bakra M, Jones NS. Prevalence of nasal mucosal contact points in patients with facial pain compared with patients without facial pain. J Laryngol Otol 2001; 115: 629-632.

Blumenthal HJ. Headache and sinus disease. Headache 2001; 41: 883-888.

Cady RK, Dodick DW, Levine HL, et al.  Sinus headache: A neurology, otolaryngology, allergy and primary care consensus on diagnosis and treatment. Mayo Clin Proc 2005; 80: 908-916.

Close LG, Aviv J. Headaches and disease of the nose and paranasal sinuses. Semin Neurol 1997; 17: 351-354.

Göbel H, Baloh RW. Disorders of ear, nose, and sinus. In: Olesen J, Tfelt-Hansen P, Welch KMA. The Headaches. 2nd edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 2000: 905-912.

Kenny TJ, Duncavage J, Bracikowski J, Yildirim A, Murray JJ, Tanner SB. Prospective analysis of sinus symptoms and correlation with paranasal computed tomography scan. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2001; 125: 40-43.

Lam DK, Lawrence HP, Tenenbaum HC. Aural symptoms in temporomandibular disorder patients attending a craniofacial pain unit. J Orofac Pain 2001; 15: 146-157.

Lanza DC, Kennedy DW. Adult rhinosinusitis defined. Report of the Rhinosinusitis Task Force Committee of the American Academy of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1997; 117: S1-S7.

Levine HL. Patients with headache and visual disturbance: a differentiation between migraine and sinus headache. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2000: 126: 234-235.

Pinto A, De Rossi SS, McQuone S, Sollecito TP. Nasal mucosal headache presenting as orofacial pain: a review of the literature and a case report. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod 2001; 92: 180-183.

Seiden AM, Martin VT. Headache and the frontal sinus. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2001; 34: 227-241.

Tosun F, Gerek M, Ozkaptan Y. Nasal surgery for contact point headaches. Headache 2000; 40: 237-240.

West B, Jones NS. Endoscopy-negative, computed tomography-negative facial pain in a nasal clinic. Laryngoscope 2001; 111 (4 Pt 1): 581-586.

Yoon MS, Mueller D, Hansen N et al. Prevalence of facial pain in migraine: a populationbased study. Cephalalgia 2009; 30: 92-96.

11.6 Headache attributed to disorder of the teeth

Alonso AA, Nixdorf DR. Case series of four different headache types presenting as tooth pain. J Endodontics 2006; 32: 1110-1113.

Fabri GM, Siqueira SR, Simione C, Nasri C, Teixeira MJ, Siqueira JT. Refractory craniofacial pain: Is there a role of periodontal disease as a comorbidity? Arq Neuro-psiquiatria 2009; 67(2B): 474-479.

Murphy E, Merrill RL. Non-odontogenic toothache. J Ir Dent Assoc 2001; 47: 46-58.

11.7 Headache attributed to temporomandibular disorder

Ballegaard V, Thede-Schmidt-Hansen P, Svensson P et al. Are headache and temporomandibular disorders related? A blinded study. Cephalalgia 2008; 28: 832-841.

Egermark I, Carlsson GE, Magnusson T. A 20-year longitudinal study of subjective symptoms of temporomandibular disorders from childhood to adulthood. Acta Odontol Scand 2001; 59: 40-48.

Franco AL, Goncalves DA, Castanharo SM et al. Migraine is the most prevalent primary headache in individuals with temporomandibular disorders. J Orofacial Pain 2010; 24: 287-292.

Glaros AG, Urban D, Locke J. Headache and temporomandibular disorders: evidence for diagnostic and behavioural overlap. Cephalalgia 2007; 27: 542-549.

List T, Wahlund K, Larsson B. Psychosocial functioning and dental factors in adolescents with temporomandibular disorders: a case-control study. J Orofacial Pain 2001; 15: 218-227.

Magnusson T, Egermark I, Carlsson GE. A longitudinal epidemiologic study of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders from 15 to 35 years of age. J Orofacial Pain 2000; 14: 310-319.

Molina OF, dos Santos Junior J, Nelson SJ, Nowlin T. Profile of TMD and bruxer compared to TMD and nonbruxer patients regarding chief complaint, previous consultations, modes of therapy, and chronicity. Cranio 2000; 18: 205-219.

Ogus H. Degenerative disease of the temporomandibular joint and pain-dysfunction syndrome. J Roy Soc Med 1978; 71: 748-754.

Schiffman ES, Ohrbach R, List T et al. Diagnostic criteria for headache attributed to temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Cephalalgia 2012; 32: 683-692.

Schiffman E, Ohrbach R, Truelove E et al. Diagnostic criteria for temporomandibular disorders (DC/TMD) for clinical and research applications: Recommendations of the International RDC/TMD Consortium Network and Orofacial Pain Special Interest Group. J Orofacial Pain 2014; 28: 6-27.

11.8 Head or facial pain attributed to inflammation of the stylohyoid ligament

Colby CC, Del Gaudio JM. Stylohyoid complex syndrome: a new diagnostic classification. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2011; 137: 248-252.