7.1.1 Headache attributed to idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH)

Avery RA, Shah SS, Licht DJ, et al. Reference range for cerebrospinal fluid opening pressure in children. NEJM 2010; 363: 891-893.

Corbett JJ, Mehta MP. Cerebrospinal fluid pressure in normal obese subjects and patients with pseudotumor cerebri. Neurology 1983; 33: 1386-1388.

Fisayo A, Bruce BB, Newman NJ, Biousse V. Overdiagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Neurology 2016; 86: 341-350.

Friedman DI, Jacobson DM. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension.J Neuroophthalmol 2004; 24: 138-145.

Friedman DI, Liu G, Digre KB. Diagnostic criteria for the pseudotumor cerebri syndrome in adults and children. Neurology 2013; 81: 1159-1165.

Friedman DI, Quiros PA, Subramanian PS, Mejico LJ, Gao S, McDermott M, Wall M, and and the NORDIC IIHTT Study Group. Headache in idiopathic intracranial hypertension: Findings from the Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Trial. Headache 2017; 57: 1195-1205.

Wall M, Kupersmith MJ, Kieburtz KD, et al for the IIHTT Study Group. The Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Treatment Trial: Clinical profile at baseline. JAMA Neurol 2014; 71: 693-701.

Whiteley W, Al-Shahi R, Warlow CP, Zeidler M, Lueck CJ. CSF opening pressure: reference interval and the effect of body mass index. Neurology 2006; 67: 1690-1691.

Yri HM, Jensen RH. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension: Clinical nosography and field testing of the ICHD diagnostic criteria. A case-control study. Cephalalgia 2015; 35: 553-562.

7.2.1 Post-dural puncture headache

Amorim JA, Gomes de Barros MV, Valenca MM. Post-dural (post-lumbar) puncture headache: Risk factors and clinical features. Cephalalgia 2012; 32: 916–923.

Bezov D, Lipton RB and Ashina S. Post-dural puncture headache:Part I diagnosis, epidemiology,etiology and pathophysiology. Headache 2010; 50: 1144–1152.

7.2.3 Headache attributed to spontaneous intracranial hypotension

Mea E, Chiapparini L, Savoiardo M, et al. Application of IHS criteria to headache attributed to spontaneous intracranial hypotension in a large population. Cephalalgia 2009; 29: 418-422.

Reinstein E, Pariani M, Bannykh S, Rimoin D, Schievink. Connective tissue spectrum abnormalities associated with spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leaks: a prospective study. Eur J Hum Genet 2013; 21: 386-390.

Schievink WI. Spontaneous spinal cerebrospinal fluid leaks and intracranial hypotension. JAMA 2006; 295: 2286-2296.

Schievink WI, Dodick DW, Mokri B, Silberstein SD, Bousser MG, Goadsby PJ. Diagnostic criteria for headache due to spontaneous intracranial hypotension: A perspective. Headache 2011; 51: 1442-1444.

Schievink WI, Maya MM,Louy C, Moser FG,Tourje. Diagnostic criteria for spontaneous spinal CSF leaks and intracranial hypotension. Amer J Neuroradiol 2008; 29: 853-856.

Schwedt TJ, Dodick DW. Spontaneous intracranial hypotension. Curr Pain Headache Rep 2007; 11: 56-61.

Wang YF, Fuh JL, Lirng JF, Chen SP, Hseu SS, Wu JC, Wang SJ. Cerebrospinal fluid leakage and headache after lumbar puncture: a prospective non-invasive imaging study. Brain 2015; 138: 1492-1498.

Wang YF, Lirng JF, Fuh JL, Hseu SS, Wang SJ. Heavily T2-weighted MR myelography vs. CT myelography in spontaneous intracranial hypotension. Neurology 2009; 73: 1892-1898.

Wu JW, Hseu SS, Fuh JL, Lirng JF, Wang YF, Chen WT, Chen SP, Wang SJ. Factors predicting response to the first epidural blood patch in spontaneous intracranial hypotension. Brain 2017; 140: 344-352.

7.3.2 Headache attributed to aseptic (non-infectious) meningitis

Holle D, Obermann M. Headache in drug-induced aseptic meningitis. Curr Pain Headache Rep 2015; 19: 29.

Morís G, Garcia-Monco JC. The challenge of drug-induced aseptic meningitis. JAMA Internal Med 2014; 174: 1511-1512.

7.3.5 Syndrome of transient Headache and Neurological Deficits with cerebrospinal fluid Lymphocytosis (HaNDL)

Bartleson JD, Swanson JW, Whisnant JP. A Migrainous syndrome with cerebrospinal fluid pleocytosis. Neurology 1981; 31: 1257-1262.

Berg MJ Williams LS. The transient syndrome of headache with neurologic deficits and CSF lymphocytosis (review). Neurology 1995; 45: 1648-1654.

Chapman KM, Szczygielski BI, Toth C, Woolfenden A, Robinson G, Snutch TP, Spacey SD. Pseudomigraine with lymphocytic pleocytosis: a calcium channelopathy? Clinical description of 10 cases and genetic analysis of the familial hemiplegic migraine gene CACNA1A. Headache 2003; 43: 892-895.

Fuentes B, Diez Tejedor E, Pascual J, Coya J, Quirce R. Cerebral blood flow changes in pseudomigraine with pleocytosis analyzed by single photon emission computed tomography. A spreading depression mechanism? Cephalalgia 1998; 18: 570-573.

Fumal A, Vandenheede M, Coppola G, Di Clemente L, Jacquart J, Gérard P, de Noordhout AM, Schoenen J. The syndrome of transient headache with neurological deficits and CSF lymphocytosis (HaNDL): electrophysiological findings suggesting a migrainous pathophysiology. Cephalalgia 2005; 25: 754-758.

Gomez-Aranda F, Canadillas F, Marti-Masso JF, Diez-Tejedor E et al. Pseudomigraine with temporary neurological symptoms and lymphocytic pleocytosis: A report of fifty cases. Brain 1997; 120: 1105-1113.

Kürtüncü M, Kaya D, Zuliani L, Erdag E, Icoz S, Ugurel E, Cavus F, Aysit N, Birisik O, Vincent A, Eraksoy M, Burcak V, Akman-Demir G, Tuzun E. CACNA1A antibodies associated with headache with neurological deficits and cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytosis (HaNDL). Cephalalgia 2013; 33; 123-129.

Morrison DG, Phuah HK, Reddy AT, Dure LS, Kline LB. Ophthalmologic involvement in the syndrome of headache, neurologic deficits, and cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytosis. Ophthalmology 2003; 110: 115-118.

Parissis D, Ioannidis P, Balamoutsos G, Karacostas D. Confusional state in the syndrome of HaNDL. Headache 2011; 51: 1285-1288.

7.4.1 Headache attributed to intracranial neoplasm

Dowman CE, Smith WA. Intracranial tumors: A review of one hundred verified cases. Arch Neurol Psych 1928; 20: 1312-1329.

Forsyth PA, Posner JB. Headaches in patients with brain tumors: a study of 111 patients. Neurology 1993; 43: 1678-1683.

Hamilton W, Kernick D. Clinical features of primary brain tumours: a case-control study using electronic primary care records. Br J Gen Pract 2007; 57: 695-699.

Iversen H, Strange P, Sommer W, Tjalve E. Brain tumour headache related to tumour size, and location. Cephalalgia 1987; 6 (Suppl 7): 394-395.

Kernick DP, Ahmed F, Bahra A, Dowson A, Elrington G, Fontebasso M, et al. Imaging patients with suspected brain tumour: guidance for primary care. Br J Gen Pract 2008; 58: 880-885.

Kirby S. Headache and brain tumours. Cephalalgia 2010; 30: 387-388.

Kunkle EC, Ray BS, Wolff HG. Studies on headache: The mechanisms and significance of the headache associated with brain tumor. Bull NY Acad Med 1942; 18: 400-422.

Lowry JK, Snyder JJ, Lowry PW. Brain tumors in the elderly: recent trends in a Minnesota cohort study. Arch Neurol 1998; 55: 922-928.

Pfund Z, Szapary L, Jaszberenyi O, Nagy F, Czopf J. Headache in intracranial tumors. Cephalalgia 1999; 19: 787-790; discussion 65.

Rossi LN, Vassella F. Headache in children with brain tumors. Childs Nerv Syst 1989; 5: 307-309.

Schankin CJ, Ferrari U, Reinisch VM, Birnbaum T, Goldbrunner R, Straube A. Characteristics of brain tumour-associated headache. Cephalalgia 2007; 27: 904-911.

Suwanwela N, Phanthumchinda K, Kaoropthum S. Headache in brain tumor: a cross-sectional study. Headache 1994; 34: 435-438.

Valentinis L, Tuniz F, Valent F, Mucchiut M, Little D, Skrap M, et al. Headache attributed to intracranial tumours: a prospective cohort study. Cephalalgia 2010; 30: 389-398.

Vazquez-Barquero A, Ibanez FJ, Herrera S, Izquierdo JM, Berciano J, Pascual J. Isolated headache as the presenting clinical manifestation of intracranial tumors: a prospective study. Cephalalgia 1994; 14: 270-272. Headache attributed to colloid cyst of the third ventricle

Algin O, Ozmen E, Arslan H. Radiologic manifestations of colloid cysts: a pictorial essay. Can Assoc Radiol J 2013; 64: 56-60.

Brostigen CS, Meling TR, Marthinsen PB, Scheie D, Aarhus M, Helseth E. Surgical management of colloid cyst of the third ventricle. Acta Neurol Scand 2016; 135: 484-487.

Byard RW. Variable presentations of lethal colloid cysts. J Forensic Sci 2016; 61: 1538-1540.

Diyora B, Nayak N, Kukreja S, Sharma A. Hemorrhagic colloid cyst: Case report and review of the literature. Asian J Neurosurg 2013; 8: 162-165.

Jacob MK, Anand SK, George P. Colloid cyst of the third ventricle presenting with features of Terson’s syndrome. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol 2014; 21: 344-346.

Kone L, Chaichana KL, Rincon-Torroella J, Snyman C, Moghekar A, Quiñones-Hinojosa A. The impact of surgical resection on headache disability and quality of life in patients with colloid cyst. Cephalalgia 2016; 37: 442-451.

Lawrence JE, Nadarajah R, Treger TD, Agius M. Neuropsychiatric manifestations of colloid cysts: a review of the literature. Psychiatr Danub 2015; 27 Suppl 1: S315-320.

Mortimer AM, Bradley MD, Stoodley NG, Renowden SA. Thunderclap headache: diagnostic considerations and neuroimaging features. Clin Radiol 2013; 68: e101-113. doi: 10.1016/j.crad.2012.08.032. Epub 2012 Dec 11. Review. PubMed PMID: 23245274.

Ravnik J, Bunc G, Grcar A, Zunic M, Velnar T. Colloid cysts of the third ventricle exhibit various clinical presentation: a review of three cases. Bosn J Basic Med Sci 2014; 14: 132-135.

Ronne-Engström E, Popek E. Symptomatic colloid cysts in the third ventricle of monozygotic twins. Ups J Med Sci 2015; 120: 59-62.

Yadav YR, Yadav N, Parihar V, Kher Y, Ratre S. Management of colloid cyst of third ventricle. Turk Neurosurg 2015; 25: 362-371.

7.5 Headache attributed to intrathecal injection

Diener HC, Johansson U, Dodick DW. Headache attributed to non-vascular intracranial disorder. Handb Clin Neurol 2010; 97: 547-587.

Haché M, Swoboda KJ, Sethna N, Farrow-Gillespie A, Khandji A, Xia S, Bishop KM. Intrathecal injections in children with spinal muscular atrophy: Nusinersen Clinical Trial Experience. J Child Neurol 2016; 31: 899-906.

Obermann M, Holle D, Naegel S, Diener HC. Headache attributable to nonvascular intracranial disorders. Curr Pain Headache Rep 2011; 15: 314-323.

Takagi K, Kato K, Kato Y. Treatment of mild traumatic brain injury by epidural saline and oxygen injection: report of two cases. Acta Neurochir Suppl 2013; 118: 293-296.

7.6 Headache attributed to epileptic seizure

Cianchetti C, Pruna D, Ledda MG. Epileptic seizures and headache/migraine: A review of types of association and terminology. Seizure 2013; 22: 679-685.

Förderreuther S, Henkel A, Noachtar S, Straube A. Headache associated with epileptic seizures: Epidemiology and clinical characteristics. Headache 2002; 42: 649-655.

Ito M, Adachi N, Nakamura F, et al. Multi-centre study on post-ictal headache in patients with localization-related epilepsy. Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2002; 53: 385-389.

Ito M, Adachi N, Nakamura F, Koyama T, Okamura T, Kato M, Kanemoto K, Nakano T,  Matsuura M., Hara S. Characteristics of postictal headache in patients with partial epilepsy. Cephalalgia 2004; 24:23-28.

Karaali-Savrun F, Göksan B, Yeni SN, Ertan S, Uzun N. Seizure-related headache in patients with epilepsy. Seizure 2002; 11: 67-69.

Kwan P, Man CBL, Leung H, Yu E, Wong KS. Headache in patients with epilepsy: A prospective incidence study. Epilepsia 2008; 49: 1099-1102.

Leniger T, Isbruch K, Von den Driesch S, Diener HC, Hufnagel A. Seizure-associated headache in epilepsy. Epilepsia 2001; 42: 1176-1179.

Schachter SC, Richman K, Loder E, Beluk S. Self-reported characteristics of postictal headaches. J Epilepsy 1995; 8: 41-43.

Schmidt Botha S, Schutte C-M, Olorunju S, Kakaza M. Postictal headache in South African adult patients with generalized epilepsy in a tertiary care setting: A cross-sectional study. Cephalalgia 2012; 30: 1495-1501.

Schon F, Blau JN. Post-epileptic headache and migraine. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiat 1987; 50: 1148-1152.

Syversten M, Helde G, Stovner LJ, Brodtkorb E. Headache add to the burden of epilepsy. J Headache Pain 2007; 8: 224-230.

Yankovsky AE, Andermann F, Bernasconi A. Characteristics of headache associated with intractable partial epilepsy. Epilepsia 2005; 46: 1241-1245.

7.7 Headache attributed to Chiari malformation type I (CM1)

Abu-Arafeh I, Campbell E. Headache, chiari malformation type 1 and treatment options. Arch Dis Child 2017; 102: 210-211.

Aiken AH, Hoots JA, Saindane AM, Hudgins PA. Incidence of cerebellar tonsillar ectopia in idiopathic intracranial hypertension: A mimic of the chiari I malformation. Am J Neuroradiol 2012; 33: 1901-1906.

Banik R, Lin D, Miller NR. Prevalence of chiari I malformation and cerebellar ectopia in patients with pseudotumor cerebri. J Neurol Sci 2006; 247: 71-75.

Batzdorf U, McArthur DL, Bentson JR. Surgical treatment of chiari malformation with and without syringomyelia: Experience with 177 adult patients. J Neurosurg 2013; 118: 232-242.

Beretta E, Vetrano IG, Curone M, Chiapparini L, Furlanetto M, Bussone G, Valentini LG. Chiari malformation-related headache: Outcome after surgical treatment. Neurol Sci 2017; 38: 95-98.

Chavez A, Roguski M, Killeen A, Heilman C, Hwang S. Comparison of operative and non-operative outcomes based on surgical selection criteria for patients with chiari I malformations. J Clin Neurosci 2014; 21: 2201-2206.

Chen P-K, Fuh J-L&Wang S-J. Cough headache: a study of 83 consecutive patients. Cephalalgia 2009; 29: 1079-1085.

Curone M, Valentini LG, Vetrano I, et al. Chiari malformation type 1-related headache: The importance of a multidisciplinary study. Neurol Sci 2017; 38: 91-93.

Grazzi L. Usai S. Headache and Chiari malformation in young age: clinical aspects and differential diagnosis. Neurol Sci 2011; 32 Suppl 3: S299-S301.

Kahn EN, Muraszko KM, Maher CO. Prevalence of chiari I malformation and syringomyelia. Neurosurg Clin N Am 2015; 26: 501-507.

Killeen A, Roguski M, Chavez A, Heilman C, Hwang S. Non-operative outcomes in chiari I malformation patients. J Clin Neurosci 2015; 22: 133-138.

Lam S, Auffinger B, Tormenti M, Bonfield C, Greene S. The relationship between obesity and symptomatic chiari I malformation in the pediatric population. J Pediatr Neurosci 2015; 10: 321-325.

Langridge B, Phillips E, Choi D. Chiari malformation type 1: A systematic review of natural history and conservative management. World Neurosurg 2017; 104: 213-219.

Mea E. Chiapparini L. Leone M. Franzini A. Messina G. Bussone G. Chronic daily headache in the adults: differential diagnosis between symptomatic Chiari I malformation and spontaneous intracranial hypotension. Neurol Sci 2011; 32 Suppl 3: S291-S294.

Pascual J, Iglesias F, Oterino A, Vazquez-Barquero A, Berciano J. Cough, exertional, and sexual headaches: an analysis of 72 benign and symptomatic cases. Neurology 1996; 46: 1520-1524.

Pascual J, González-Mandly A, Martín R, Oterino A. Headaches precipitated by cough, prolonged exercise or sexual activity: a prospective etiological and clinical study. J Headache Pain 2008; 9: 259-266.

Raza-Knight S, Mankad K, Prabhakar P, Thompson D. Headache outcomes in children undergoing foramen magnum decompression for chiari I malformation. Arch Dis Child 2017; 102: 238-243.

Toldo I, Tangari M, Mardari R, et al. Headache in children with chiari I malformation. Headache 2014; 54: 899-908.