13.1.1 Trigeminal neuralgia

Benoliel R, Eliav E, Sharav Y. Self-reports of pain-related awakenings in persistent orofacial pain patients. J Orofac Pain 2009; 23: 330-338.

Cruccu G, Finnerup NB, Jensen TS, Scholz J, Sindou M, Svensson P, Treede R-D, Zakrzweska JM, Nurmikko T. Trigeminal neuralgia: new classification and diagnostic grading for clinical practice and research. Neurology 2016; 87: 220-228.

Di Stefano G, Maarbjerg S, Nurmikko T, Truini A, Cruccu G. Triggering trigeminal neuralgia. Cephalalgia 2017 Jan 1:333102417721677. doi: 10.1177/0333102417721677 [Epub ahead of print].

Drangsholt M, Truelove E. Trigeminal neuralgia mistaken as temporomandibular disorder. J Evid Base Dent Pract 2001; 1: 41-50.

Fromm GH, Graff-Radford SB, Terrence CF, Sweet WH. Pre-trigeminal neuralgia. Neurology 1990; 40: 1493-1495.

Haviv Y, Khan J, Zini A, Almoznino G, Sharav Y, Benoliel R. Trigeminal neuralgia (part I). Revisiting the clinical phenotype. Cephalalgia 2016; 36; 730-746.

Koopman JSHA, Dieleman JP, Huygen FJ, de Mos N, Martin CGM, Sturkenboom MCJM. Incidence of facial pain in the general population. Pain 2009;147:122-7

Mueller D, Obermann M, Yoon MS, et al. Prevalence of trigeminal neuralgia and persistent idiopathic facial pain: A population-based study. Cephalalgia 2011; 31: 1542–1548.

Obermann M, Yoon MS, Ese D et al. Impaired trigeminal nociceptive processing in patients with trigeminal neuralgia. Neurology 2007; 69: 835-841.

Pareja JA, Cuadrado ML, Caminero AB, Barriga FJ, Baron M, Sanchez-del-Rio M. Duration of attacks of first division trigeminal neuralgia. Cephalalgia 2005; 25: 305-308.

Rasmussen P. Facial pain. II. A prospective survey of 1052 patients with a view of: character of the attacks, onset, course, and character of pain. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 1990; 107: 121-128.

Rasmussen P. Facial pain. III. A prospective study of the localization of facial pain in 1052 patients. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 1991; 108: 53-63.

Rasmussen P. Facial pain. IV. A prospective study of 1052 patients with a view of: precipitating factors, associated symptoms, objective psychiatric and neurological symptoms. Acta Neurochir (Wien) 1991; 108: 100-109.

13.1.1.1 Classical trigeminal neuralgia

Antonini G, Di Pasquale A, Cruccu G, et al. Magnetic resonance imaging contribution for diagnosing symptomatic neurovascular contact in classical trigeminal neuralgia: a blinded case-control study and meta-analysis. Pain 2014; 155: 1464-1471.

Bowsher D, Miles JB, Haggett CE, Eldridge PR. Trigeminal neuralgia: a quantitative sensory perception threshold study in patients who had not undergone previous invasive procedures. J Neurosurg 1997; 86: 190-192.

Leal PR, Barbier C, Hermier M, Souza MA, Cristino-Filho G, Sindou M. Atrophic changes in the trigeminal nerves of patients with trigeminal neuralgia due to neurovascular compression and their association with the severity of compression and clinical outcomes. J Neurosurg 2014; 120: 1484-1495.

Maarbjerg S, Wolfram F, Gozalov A, Olesen J, Bendtsen L. Significance of neurovascular contact in classical trigeminal neuralgia. Brain 2015; 138: 311-319.

13.1.1.2 Secondary trigeminal neuralgia

Cheng TM, Cascino TL and Onofrio BM. Comprehensive study of diagnosis and treatment of trigeminal neuralgia secondary to tumors. Neurology 1993; 43: 2298-2302.

Coffey RJ, Fromm GH. Familial trigeminal neuralgia and Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy. Report of two families and review. Surg Neurol 1991; 35: 49-53.

Cruccu G, Biasiotta A, Di RS, et al. Trigeminal neuralgia and pain related to multiple sclerosis. Pain 2009; 143: 186-191.

De Paula Lucas C, Zabramski JM. Dural arteriovenous fistula of the transverse-sigmoid sinus causing trigeminal neuralgia. Acta Neurochir 2007; 149: 1249-1253.

O’Connor AB, Schwid SR, Herrmann DN, et al. Pain associated with multiple sclerosis: systematic review and proposed classification. Pain 2008; 137: 96-111.

Tanaka BS, Zhao P, Dib-Hajj FB, Morisset V, Tate S, Waxman SG, Dib-Hajj SD. A gain-of-function mutation in Nav1.6 in a case of trigeminal neuralgia. Mol Med 2016; 22: 338-348.

Truini A, Prosperini L, Calistri V, et al. A dual concurrent mechanism explains trigeminal neuralgia in patients with multiple sclerosis. Neurology 2016; 86: 2094-2099.

Wei Y, Zhao W, Pu C, et al. Clinical features and long-term surgical outcomes in 39 patients with tumor-related trigeminal neuralgia compared with 360 patients with idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia. Br J Neurosurg 2017; 31: 101-106.

Yip V, Michael BD, Nahser HC, Smith D. Arteriovenous malformation: a rare cause of trigeminal neuralgia identified by magnetic resonance imaging with constructive interference in steady state sequences. QJM 2012;105:895-898.

13.1.1.3 Idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia

Lee A, McCartney S, Burbidge C, Raslan AM, Burchiel KJ. Trigeminal neuralgia occurs and recurs in the absence of neurovascular compression. J Neurosurg 2014;120:1048-1054.

13.1.2.1 Painful trigeminal neuropathy attributed to herpes zoster

Dworkin RH, Portenoy RK. Pain and its persistence in herpes zoster. Pain 1996; 67: 241-252.

Haanpää M, Dastidar P, Weinberg A, Levin M, Miettinen A, Lapinlampi A-M, Laippala P, Nurmikko T. Characteristics of cerebrospinal fluid and magnetic resonance imaging findings in patients with acute herpes zoster. Neurology 1998; 51: 1405-1411.

Liesegang TJ. Herpes zoster ophthalmicus. Natural history, risk factors, clinical presentation, and morbidity. Ophthalmology 2008; 115 (2 Suppl): S3-12.

13.1.2.2 Trigeminal post-herpetic neuralgia

Alvarez FK, de Siqueira SR, Okada M, et al. Evaluation of the sensation in patients with trigeminal post-herpetic neuralgia. J Oral Pathol Med 2007; 36: 347-350.

Truini A, Galeotti F, Haanpää M, et al. Pathophysiology of pain in postherpetic neuralgia: A clinical and neurophysiological study. Pain 2008; 140: 405-410.

Truini A, Haanpää M, Provitera V, et al. Differential myelinated and unmyelinated sensory and autonomic skin nerve fiber involvement in patients with ophthalmic postherpetic neuralgia. Front Neuroanat 2015; 9: 105.

13.1.2.3 Painful traumatic trigeminal neuropathy

Benoliel R, Birenboim R, Regev E, Eliav E. Neurosensory changes in the infraorbital nerve following zygomatic fractures. Oral Surg 2005; 99: 657-665.

Benoliel R, Zadik Y, Eliav E and Sharav Y. Peripheral painful traumatic trigeminal neuropathy: Clinical features in 91 cases and proposal of novel diagnostic criteria. J Orofac Pain 2012; 26: 49-58.

Jääskeläinen S K, Teerijoki-Oksa T and Forssell H. Neurophysiologic and quantitative sensory testing in the diagnosis of trigeminal neuropathy and neuropathic pain. Pain 2005; 117: 349-357.

Polycarpou N, Ng YL, Canavan D, et al. Prevalence of persistent pain after endodontic treatment and factors affecting its occurrence in cases with complete radiographic healing. Int Endod J 2005; 38: 169-178.

Queral-Godoy E, Figueiredo R, Valmaseda-Castellon E, Berini-Aytes L, Gay-Escoda C. Frequency and evolution of lingual nerve lesions following lower third molar extraction. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2006; 64: 402-407.

Renton T and Yilmaz Z. Profiling of patients presenting with posttraumatic neuropathy of the trigeminal nerve. J Orofac Pain 2011; 25: 333-344.

13.1.2.4 Painful trigeminal neuropathy attributed to other disorder

Cruccu G, Penisi EM, Antonini G, et al. Trigeminal isolated sensory neuropathy (TISN) and FOSMN syndrome: despite a dissimilar disease course do they share common pathophysiological mechanisms? BMC Neurol 2014; 14: 248.

Klasser GD, Balasubramaniam R, Epstein J. Topical review—Connective tissue diseases: Orofacial manifestations including pain. J Orofac Pain 2007; 21: 171-184

13.2.1 Glossopharyngeal neuralgia

Blumenfeld A, Nikolskaya G. Glossopharyngeal neuralgia. Curr Pain Headache Rep 2013; 17: 343.

Huynh-Le P, Matsishima T. Hisada K. Matsumoto K. Glossopharyngeal neuralgia due to an epidermoid tumour in the cerebellopontine angle. J Clin Neurosci 2004; 11: 758-760.

Kandan SR, Khan S,. Jeyaretna DS, Lhatoo S, Patel NK, Coakham HB. Neuralgia of the glossopharyngeal and vagal nerves: long-term outcome following surgical treatment and literature review. Br J Neurosurg 2010; 24: 441-446.

Minagar A, Sheremata WA. Glossopharyngeal neuralgia and MS. Neurology 2000; 54: 1368-1370.

Patel A, Kassam A, Horowitz M, Chang YF. Microvascular decompression in the management of glossopharyngeal neuralgia: Analysis of 217 cases. Neurosurgery 2002; 50: 705-710.

Peet MM. Glossopharyngeal neuralgia. Ann Surg 1935; 101: 256-258.

Saman Y, Whitehead D, Gleeson M. Jugular foramen schwannoma presenting with glossopharyngeal neuralgia syncope syndrome. J Laryngol Otol 2010; 124: 1305-1308.

Tanrikulu L, Hastreiter P, Dorfler A, Buchfelder M, Naraghi R. Classification of neurovascular compression in glossophgaryngeal neuralgia: three-dimensional visualiztion of the glossopharyngeal nerve. Surg Neurol Int 2015; 6: 189.

13.2.2 Painful glossopharyngeal neuropathy

Bakar B. The jugular foramen schwannomas : Review of the large surgical series. J Kor Neurosurg Soc 2008; 44: 285-294.

Kalladka M, Nasri-Heir C, Eliav E, Ananthan S, Viswanath A, Heir G. Continuous neuropathic pain secondary to endoscopic procedures: report of two cases and review of the literature. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol 2016; 122: e55-e59.

Shin HY, Park HJ, Choi YC, Kim SM. Clinical and electromyographic features of radiation-induced lower cranial neuropathy. Clin Neurophysiol 2013; 124: 598-602.

13.3.1 Nervus intermedius neuralgia

Pulec JL. Geniculate neuralgia: Long-term results of surgical treatment. Ear Nose Throat J 2002; 81: 30-33.

Riederer F, Sándor PS, Linnebank M, Ettlin DA. Familial occipital and nervus intermedius neuralgia in a Swiss family. J Headache Pain 2010; 11: 335-338.

Saers SJF, Han KS, de Rue JA. Microvascular decompression may be an effective treatment for nervus intermedius neuralgia. J Laryngol Otol 2011; 125: 520-522.

Tubbs RS, Steck DT, Mortazavi MM, Cohgen-Gadol AA.The nervus intermedius: A review of its anatomy, function, pathology, and role in neurosurgery. World Neurosurg 2013; 79: 763-767.

13.3.2 Painful nervus intermedius neuropathy

Günther M, Danckwardt-Lillieström, Gudjonsson O, Nyberg G, Kinnefors A, Rask-Andersen H, Ekvall L. Surgical treatment of patients with facial neuromas. Report of 26 consecutive operations. Otol Neurotol 2010; 31: 1493-1497.

Oldenburg MS, Carlson ML, Van Abel KM, Driscoll CL, Link MJ. Management of geniculate ganglion hemangiomas. Case series and systematic review of the literature. Otol Neurotol 2015; 36: 1735-1740.

Sweeney CJ, Gilden DH. Ramsay Hunt syndrome. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2001; 71: 149-154.

13.4 Occipital neuralgia

Bartsch T, Goadsby P. Anatomy and physiology of pain referral in primary and cervicogenic headache disorders. Headache Curr 2005; 2: 42-48.

Boes Ch. C2 myelitis presenting with neuralgiform occipital pain. Neurology 2005; 64: 1093-1094.

Bogduk N et al The anatomy and pathphysiology of neck pain. Phys Med Rehabil Clin North Amer 2005; 14: 455-472.

Ehni G, Benner B. Occipital neuralgia and the C1-C2 arthrosis syndrome. J Neurosurg 1984; 61: 961–965.